Reconstructing Druze population history
Other nations are debating similar legislation, or have more limited prohibitions. The French expanded the borders of the Mount Lebanon Governorate, which was largely populated by Maronites and Druze, to include extra Muslims. Lebanon gained independence in , establishing confessionalism, a novel, Consociationalism-kind of political system with a power-sharing mechanism based mostly on religious communities. Foreign troops withdrew completely from Lebanon on 31 December ,[sixteen] although the nation was subjected to military occupations by Syria that lasted almost thirty years earlier than being withdrawn in April as well as Israel for fifteen years before being withdrawn in May Rain participates in extinguishing the fires of Lebanon, AlYom, published on 15 October , Entered on 16 October From all totally different ages and backgrounds, Lebanese women and girls are shaping the path and character of the revolution. They are on the frontlines of demonstrations, standing within the faces of soldiers and their tanks, and forming buffers between security forces and protestors to prevent outbreaks of violence.
“Outside partners, outside problems?” Views on Dating while Druze
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The Lebanese confessional system is characterised by the minister and vice-president of the parliament; and a Druze head of the military (; (). cultural explanations or self-contained identities that pre-date sectarianism.
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We may be in yoga pants or work clothes. Photographs have become disposable but a photograph was, and often still is, a recording of history. Today, that historical recording is democratic. Each individual decides what is valuable and whether to share it. Today, these photos act as historical records.
A further % of the Lebanese population identify as Druze, with smaller religious minorities making up less than 1% (including Judaism, Baha’i, Buddhism and.
Like a number of other ethnic groups in the Middle East, such as the Kurds, the Druze live in several different countries, separated by borders drawn after the breakup of the Ottoman Empire in the early s. But unlike the Kurds, who are largely Muslim, the Druze are a unique religious and ethnic group. Their tradition dates back to the 11th century and incorporates elements of Islam, Hinduism and even classical Greek philosophy.
Today, 1 million-plus members of this community live primarily in Syria and Lebanon and, to a lesser extent, in Israel and Jordan. In Israel, the Druze are a close-knit community active in public life, according to a new Pew Research Center study of Israel. Roughly two-thirds say they have a special responsibility to take care of Druze in need around the world.
Since just after its founding in the 11th century, the Druze tradition has been officially closed off to outsiders and proselytism has been prohibited. Since that ban, the Druze population has continued to exist solely based on the continuation of its previous generations. But there are no set holy days, regular liturgy or obligations for pilgrimage, as Druze are meant to be connected with God at all times. Several philosophers and other influential people are also held in high regard by the Druze, including Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Alexander the Great.
In fact, for more than four decades, the Israeli military had a primarily Druze infantry unit called the Herev, or sword battalion. This is in contrast with Israeli Arabs, who are exempt from military service. Druze women are not required to serve. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world.
Divide and Conquer: The Growing Hezbollah Threat to the Druze
Finding a life partner is hard enough for anybody. Members of the Druze faith face an added pressure: keeping the religion alive. The faith is thought to have about 1. But an exodus of people fleeing wars in those countries has fueled a small but growing diaspora. There are about 30, in the United States, with the largest concentration in Southern California. While the Internet has made it easier for Druze to connect with each other — Kaedey met her husband on social media — growing contact with the outside world has increased the chances that members will marry outside the faith.
Lebanese Druze woman would rarely, if ever, be allowed to marry a non-Druze customs of Druze marriages date back to the middle of the. 19th C. However.
A further 5. Religion plays a major role in Lebanese culture, society, politics and legal systems. Lebanon recognises 18 different religious sects recognised within the Muslim and Christian religions, each of which is considered to represent a significant Lebanese community. Parliamentary representation is organised to reflect these partitions in society, and so seats are apportioned according to the dispersion of religion.
The ratio of Christians to Muslims in Parliament used to be kept at However it is now at , with eight seats reserved for Druze representation. This government structure is intended to prevent any religious community being privileged over another. As such, while some Lebanese people may not practice or observe a religion, they tend to identify with one legally given its role in the judicial and governmental systems.
Therefore, people are born into the religion and, traditionally, no conversion is allowed in or out of the faith. Over history, some Druze have tried to protect their religion by living in isolated communities or praying as Muslims or Christians to blend in. Join over organisations already creating a better workplace. You can download this cultural profile in an easy-to-read PDF format that can be printed out and accessed at any time.
The figure of the total population of each country is drawn from the global estimates listed in the CIA World Factbook , unless otherwise stated.
Daring Druze Director Tackles Intermarriage Taboo
Lebanon is frequently referred to as a model of a plural and stable democracy in the Middle East: a multi-ethnic and pluri-religious society that guarantees political representation through a power-sharing confessional framework. Numerous authors also see the consociational model as the best democratic alternative given such a high degree of domestic heterogeneity. In this article, I analyse two domestic dimensions that hinder the success of the Lebanese democratic experience the pre-attribution of seats and distortions of representation and point to the limits, effects and consequences of consociationalism in this specific confessional reality.
The results of this case study indicate that highly institutionalised consociational arrangements can lead to sectarianism, institutional instability, clientelism, and state frailty. I also lay out some lessons and implications that can be derived from such a framework in terms of harmful sectarian narratives at both the local and regional levels. Lebanon is frequently referred to by scholars, and by conventional wisdom, as an example of consociational democracy in the Middle East.
: Conflict on Mount Lebanon: The Druze, the Maronites and and we’ll notify you by email when we have an estimated delivery date for this item.
The Lebanese Druze people are believed to constitute about 5. The Maronite Catholic and the Druze founded modern Lebanon in the early eighteenth century, through the ruling and social system known as the “Maronite-Druze dualism” in Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate. The Druze faith does not follow the Five Pillars of Islam , such as fasting during the month of Ramadan , and making a pilgrimage to Mecca.
When Druze live among people of other religions, they try to blend in, in order to protect their religion and their own safety. They can pray as Muslims, or as Christians, depending on where they are. This system is apparently changing in modern times, where more security has allowed Druze to be more open about their religious belonging. The Tanukhids inaugurated the Druze community in Lebanon when most of them accepted and adopted the new message that was being preached in the 11th century, due to their leaderships close ties with then Fatimid ruler Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah.
The relationship between the Druze and Christians in Lebanon has been characterized by harmony and coexistence ,     with amicable relations between the two groups prevailing throughout history, with the exception of some periods, including Mount Lebanon civil war.
Looking for Love in One of the World’s Tiniest Religions
Are you only marrying this person because he happens to be Druze? Harfouch is 23 years old with green-blue eyes, lightly freckled skin, and long, dark hair. On her left hand she wears a big diamond engagement ring. On her right wrist she wears a multi-colored beaded bracelet: green, red, yellow, blue, and white—the colors of the Druze star. Druze is a tiny Arab religion that originated in the Middle East 1, years ago.
There are just over 1 million adherents in the world, with large concentrations in Lebanon, Syria, and Israel and roughly 30, in the United States.
A Druze wedding ceremony in Mimes, southern LebanonFrancois Mori / AP. Link Copied Dating to Save Your Tiny Religion From Extinction.
This paper studies various Hezbollah, Iranian, and Syrian regime attempts to escalate against the Druze political establishment in Israel, Lebanon, and Syria, and the repercussions of these moves across the region. Read the PDF here. The Druze of the Levant region are connected by tribal, familial, and religious ties that have existed for centuries. Despite the borders and political challenges that make even visits to other Druze populations in the region difficult, political figures from Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, and Syria have shared a certain degree of connectedness.
Druze leadership from each country confers about major issues, and the Druze of Suwayda, Israel, and Lebanon have maintained close political ties. These ties, however, are now challenged by rising Hezbollah and Assad regime influence in the region as both seek to consolidate power and control in their home countries. Hezbollah, Iran, and the Syrian regime interact with the Druze political establishment holistically, escalating against Druze figures and entities in Lebanon and Syria in an attempt to tip the balance of power further in their favor.
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